Bielska IA, Drobot AC, Moir M, Nartowski RO, Lee R, Lukewich J, Lukewich MK. (2015). Public Health in Canada: An Overview. Public Health Management/Zdrowie Publiczne i Zarzadzanie; 13(2):165-179.
Government of Canada, Health Policy in Canada. http://publications.gc.ca/Collection-R/LoPBdP/CIR/934-e.htm
Jackman M., Constitutional Jurisdiction Over Health in Canada. “Health Law Journal” 2000; 8: 95-117.
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat, Public Health Agency of Canada. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/webarchives/20071212093951/http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/dpr-rmr/0506/phac-aspc/phac-aspc01_e.asp
Public Health Agency of Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada 2015-16. https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/corporate/transparency/corporate-management-reporting/reports-plans-priorities/2016-2017-report-plans-priorities.html
Graphs: Canadian Institute for Health Information (2016). Table D.1. National Health Expenditure Database, 1975 to 2016.
Tables: Canadian Institute for Health Information (2014). Table C. National Health Expenditure Database, 1975 to 2014.
Statistics Canada, Population by year, by province and territory. Table 051-0001. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/demo02a-eng.htm
Public health is a shared responsibility between the federal, provincial/territorial, and municipal governments. The amount of allocated resources varies across the country. In 2014, $11.5 billion was spent on public health in the country with over three-quarters of the funds coming from provincial budgets. This represented 5.3% of total health care expenditure.
The Public Health Agency of Canada’s operating budget comes from the Federal Parliament. Full-time equivalent positions in the organization are forecasted to be 2,490 in 2017-2018. Budgetary planning for 2017-2018 is $581.6 million divided into:
- Public Health Infrastructure ($115.7 million)
- Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ($304.6 million)
- Health Security ($65.6 million)
- Internal Services ($95.6 million)
The first table below shows the sources of funds for public health, while the second table provides a comparison of public health expenditures between provinces and territories.