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Graphs: Canadian Institute for Health Information (2016). Table D.1. National Health Expenditure Database, 1975 to 2016.
Tables: Canadian Institute for Health Information (2014). Table C. National Health Expenditure Database, 1975 to 2014.
Statistics Canada, Population by year, by province and territory. Table 051-0001.


Public health is a shared responsibility between the federal, provincial/territorial, and municipal governments. The amount of allocated resources varies across the country. In 2014, $11.5 billion was spent on public health in the country with over three-quarters of the funds coming from provincial budgets. This represented 5.3% of total health care expenditure.

The Public Health Agency of Canada’s operating budget comes from the Federal Parliament. Full-time equivalent positions in the organization are forecasted to be 2,490 in 2017-2018. Budgetary planning for 2017-2018 is $581.6 million divided into:
- Public Health Infrastructure ($115.7 million)
- Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ($304.6 million)
- Health Security ($65.6 million)
- Internal Services ($95.6 million)

The first table below shows the sources of funds for public health, while the second table provides a comparison of public health expenditures between provinces and territories.

Financing Canada's public health system