The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) is responsible for public health at the national level. With the passing of the Public Health Agency of Canada Act, it received legal authority in 2006. PHAC is within the ‘Health Portfolio’ of Canada’s Minister of Health.

The PHAC is responsible for health promotion, injury prevention, infectious diseases, immunizations and vaccines, travel health, food safety, chronic diseases, surveillance, emergency preparedness and response, laboratory biosafety, and biosecurity at the federal level.

The deputy head of the PHAC is the Chief Public Health Officer – the lead public health professional in the country. The Chief Public Health Officer’s roles include advising the Minister o Health and federal government on public health events and concerns, liaising with media, and working towards greater collaboration among the various levels of government in the country.

Public Health

At the national level

Bielska IA, Drobot AC, Moir M, Nartowski RO, Lee R, Lukewich J, Lukewich MK. (2015). Public Health in Canada: An Overview. Public Health Management/Zdrowie Publiczne i Zarzadzanie; 13(2):165-179.
Public Health Agency of Canada, Frequently Asked Questions. http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/about_apropos/faq-eng.php, 2015.
Parliament of Canada, Bill C-5: Public Health Agency of Canada Act. http://www.parl.gc.ca/About/Parliament/LegislativeSummaries/bills_ls.asp?lang=E&ls=c5&Parl=39&Ses=1&source=library_prb, 2006. (access 20.06.2015); 29. Public Health Agency of Canada, About the Agency. http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/about_apropos/index-eng.php, 2015